A Cruise to the famous Indian Temples
Durga puja, also called “Durgotsava” is an annual Hindu festival that is celebrated throughout India with great zeal &fervor. In the month of Aswin (September – October) this festival is particularly celebrated in west Bengal, Kolkata. This is a ten-day festival of which the last 5 days are significant. In the Shaktism tradition of Hinduism Durga puja is an important festival.
ABOUT DEVI DURGA: -
Goddess Durga, mother of the universe is a form of shakti worshiped for her gracious as well as terrifying aspect. She is a symbol of female dynamism. In the form of Parvati, she is known as the spouse of lord shiva and mother of Ganesha, Karthikeya, Lakshmi &Saraswati. As a destroyer of demons, known as “Mahishashur Mardini”, she is worshiped during Durga puja.
As described in puranas, she is pictured as riding on a lion, known as “Simhabahini” and having ten arms (Dasha-Bhuja Devi) holding“Khanda” (Sword), “Trisula” (Trident), “Sudarshan- Chakra”, “Vajra” (Thunderbolt), “Ban” (Bow-Arrow), “Barsha” (Spear), “Sankha” (Conch-Shell), “Padma” (Lotus), “Khaitaka” (Axe), “Gada” (Club). She is gorgeously dressed in royal red cloth and ornaments. She wears a crown (karandamukuta). The various tools reflect eminent supremacy that helps to control the universe.
This festival is celebrated for ten days during the whole period of Navaratri of which last five days involve certain rituals and practices. During this time huge pandals of Goddess Durga are open for the visitors.
The countdown of Durga puja begins from Janmashtami and reaches the final stage on the day of Mahalaya, seven days before Durga Puja. On this day midnight chants of various hymns of “Mahishashur Mardini” remind the beginning of “Devi Paksha”. Mahalaya is also the day of remembrance as people offer tarpan in memory of their deceased forefathers on the bank of river Ganga.
Day two to five marks the remembrance of the Goddess and her manifestations. Major festivals and social celebrations start on the sixth day. The first nine days of this puja overlaps with Navaratri in other traditions of Hinduism. the rituals of this puja involve shlokas, Vedic chants, mantras, arati, and offerings.
Several important rituals of this puja include the followings:-
This ritual involves rites to awaken and welcome the Goddess to be a guest. In pandals this ritual is typically done on the sixth day(Shashti) under “Bel tree” or stem but in heritage (traditional) family pujas which are 250 or 300 years old, there bodhan ritual is done on the day of Mahalaya.
In this anointing ritual, several symbolic offerings are made to Devi Durga, each item representing a remembrance of subtle forms of her. “Astra” are given to her during this time. This ritual is done on the Shashti evening.
On the seventh day of the festival, one small banana tree is tied with a bundle of nine different plants (Dhan, Dalim, Ashoka, etc.), called “Navapatrika” and then bathing of Navapatrika with holy Ganges water is done and then worshiped as Devi Durga after placing beside Ganesha.
SANDHI PUJA AND ASHTAMI PUSPANJALI:-
The eighth day begins with elaborate Pushpanjali. The last 24 min of Ashtami Tithi and first 24 min of Navami Tithi is considered as “Sandhi Puja”. It is believed that at this moment Devi Durga engaged in a fierce battle with Mahishashura and Devi Chamunda who emerged from the third eye of Devi Durga killed two demons,Chanda and Munda. During this 48 min of puja 108 lotuses and 108 lamps are offered. After that in “bolidan” is done and Devi offered food (Bhog).
HOMA & BHOG:-
Homa and Bhog are associated with the ninth day (Navami) of this festival.Nava Kanya puja(Nava Kumari puja) is done on this day.
DHUNUCHI NACH & DHUNO PORA:-
This ritual involves dance with Dhunuchi during puja. Dhakis (Drummers) create music with which people dance during the arti or not during arti.
Dhuno pora observed in the traditional home pujas where married women carrying Dhunuchis burning with incense and dried coconuts on a cloth on their head and hands.
SINDOOR KHELA &VISARJAN:-
The last day of puja known as “Vijaya Dashami” is marked by “Sindoor khela”. Married women smear Sindoor on idols and also on each other. This ritual signifies wishing of a blissfulmarried life for women. On this day Durga emerged victory over Mahishashura and it ends up when idols of Devi are immersed in the water,known as “Visarjan”. People distribute sweets and gifts.
According to the shlokas, Durga puja is omnipresent as the embodiment of power, nourishment, memory, forbearance, faith, forgiveness, intellect, wealth, emotions, desires, beauty, satisfaction, righteousness, fulfillment, and peace …
Navaratri is a very significant Hindu festival which iscelebrated differently in various parts of the Indian cultural sphere. “Nava“ means 9(Nine) and “Ratri” means night. This festival spans 9 sacred nights (ten days) dedicated to the worship of the mother goddess shakti. In India, Navaratri follows the lunar calendar & celebrated as 1. Chaitra Navaratri (in March – April) 2. Sharad Navaratri (in September – October) Navaratri is a celebration of divine feminine power that nurtures and protects the entire universe from negativities and denotes the victory of good over evil power. Nine forms of goddess Durga are worshiped during Navaratri. goddess Durga is also known as goddess Bhavani and goddess Amba,all are attributed to goddess Parvati.
Rituals of Navaratri :-
Day 1 (Pratipada):-
The first day of Navaratri is known as Pratipada. Shailaputri (“Daughter of Mountain”), an incarnation of Parvati is associated with this day. She has trisula in her right hand and lotus in her left. She is depicted as riding on a bull. This form of the goddess is worshiped as consort of Shiva,which is the direct incarnation of Mahakali. On this day first main ritual “Ghatasthapana” is done. Then “Abahan” of Devi Shailaputri is done followed by “Arati” and “Chandipath”. Red is the color of this day that depicts action and vigor.
DAY 2 (Dwitiya):-
The second day of Navaratri is known as Dwitiya. On this day another incarnation of Parvati, goddess Bramhacharini is worshiped. Parvati became sati (unmarried self) in this form. She is holding a japamala & kamandal in her hands, depicted as walking on bare feet. She symbolizes bliss and calmness. She is worshiped for moksha and endowment of peace & prosperity. On this day puja of Devi Bramhacharini (Bramhashakti is also known as Devi Saraswathi) is done. Then Nityapuja is done followed by Arati and Chandipath). The blue color of this day depicts tranquility yet strong energy.
The third day of Navaratri is known as Tritiya.On this day Devi Chandraghanta (also known as Chandika) is worshiped.After marrying Shiva Parvati adorned her forehead with Ardhachandra (half-moon), from this fact the name Chandraghanta has been derived. She has ten hands of which two hands hold a trisula (trident), Gada(mace), bow-arrow, khadak(sword), Kamala(lotus), Ghanta(bell), kamandal (waterpot). one hand remains in blessing mudra. One hand remains in blessing posture. She rides on a lion which represents bravery and courage. She symbolizes bravery and beauty. On this day puja of Devi Chandraghanta is done and Nityapuja is done followed by Arati and Chandipath. The yellow color of this day isvivacious and can pep up everyone’s mood.
DAY 4 (Chaturthi):-
The fourth day of Navaratri is known as Chaturthi. On this day Devi Kushmanda is worshiped. She is believed to be the creative power of the universe. She has eight hands holding a trident, discus, sword, hook, mace, bow, arrow, two jars of holy elixir, and blood. she rides on a tiger. She is believed to improve health, wealth, and strength. On this day puja of Devi Kushmanda is done and Nityapuja is done followed by Arati and Chandipath. The green color of this day depicts the endowment of vegetation on earth.
DAY 5 (Panchami):-
The fifth day of Navaratri is known as Panchami. On this day Devi Skandamata is worshiped. She is the mother of Skanda (Karthikeya). She has four arms of which two hold lotus flowers.She holds her son in her lap. She is seated on a lotus (Padmasana), riding on a lion. On this day puja of Devi Skandamata is done and Nityapuja is done followed by Arati an Chandipath. Grey is the color of the day which symbolizes the transforming strength of a mother when her child is in danger.
DAY 6 (Shasthi):-
The sixth day of Navaratri is known as Shashti. On this day Devi Katyayani, an incarnation of Durga is worshiped. She is known as the warrior goddess and most violent form of Devi. She has four hands and she ride a lion. On This day Sarodiya Durga puja begins with the Devi bodhan ritual followed by Chandipath. Devi Maha Shashti is worshiped for the welfare of children. Puja of Devi Katyayani (a form of Devi Maha Lakshmi) is done. In afternoon Ashtradan ritual is done in which Astra’s are given to Devi Durga followed by Sandhya Arati. The orange color of this day symbolizes exhibition of courage.
DAY 7 (Saptami):-
The seventh day of Navaratri is known as Saptami. On this day Devi Kalaratri is worshiped. She is the most ferocious form of Devi Durga. On This day Devi Parvati removed her fair skin to kill the demons Shumbha and Nishumbha. She has four hands holding hooked vajra and curved sword. She rides a donkey. On this day Devi Kalaratri appears on a white color attire with a lot of rage in her fiery eyes, her skin turns black. On this day kalabou (known as Navapatrika) is worshiped after snan. then Chandipath is done followed by Sandhya Arati. White color of this day symbolizes prayer and peace and ensures the devotees that the goddess will protect them from harm.
DAY 8 (Ashtami) :-
Eighth day of Navaratri is known as Ashtami. On this day Devi Maha Gauri is worshiped. She has four arms holding Trident, Damaru and a lotus. She rides a white bull. She symbolizes intelligence and peace. On this day in morning Nitya puja followed by Arati and Chandipath is done. Devi Durga in the form of Chamunda is worshiped for 48 minutes (last 24 min of Ashtami and first 24 min of Navami) between Ashtami and Navami. This is known as “Sandhi puja”.108 Pradip, 108 lotus flowers, 108 naivedyas are dedicated to Devi Chamunda during this “Sandhipuja“for destruction of evil power followed by balidan , Chandipath and Arati. Pink color of this day depicts optimism.
DAY 9 (Navami):-
Last day of Navaratri is known as Navami. On this day Devi Siddhidatri is worshiped. “Siddhi” means supernatural power or meditative ability and “Datri” means giver. She is also known as Sri Lakshmi Devi. One side of lord Shivas body is that of goddess Siddhidatri so he is known as “Ardhanariswar”. She has four hands holding Mace, Chakra, Sankha and lotus in which 8 siddhis are absorbed. She rides on a lion or fully bloomed lotus. On this day Nitya puja is done followed by Chandipath and Chandi hom. Nine KumariGirls (Nava Kanya) are worshiped as Devi. The light blue color of this day symbolizes an admiration towards natures beauty. On the final day after Navaratri, Called as Dussehra the statues are immersed in a water body symbolizing the evil is burnt or evil destruction.
1.Hinglaj Mata Mandir :-
According to Hinduism, after being cut by “Sudarshan Chakra” of “Lord Vishnu” “Brambharandhra” of “Devi Sati” fell much earlier at the last edge of western India or Hinglaj of today’s Pakistan. This holy place is famous among pilgrims as “Moru Teertha Hinglaj”. Here Devi is worshiped as “Kottori”. and “Lord Bhairav” is worshiped as “Bhimlochan”. Hinglaj is located at the edge of the Mafran and lus mountain ranges in Baluchistan, about 80 miles from where the Indus in western India joins the Arabian sea.
This “Teertha sthan” is located on the desert route, north east of Karachi, the capital of Pakistan. Local Muslims identify Devi Kottori as “Nani”. They call this pilgrimage to “Nani Ki Haj”. There are people with sticks who guide people to this temple.
At one time, pilgrims had to endure indescribable hardships to reach Hinglaj. Passengers would reach Chandra Nath after crossing the desert for a few days under the supervision of Stick bearing peoples. After receiving a fortune from the scribe, they started travelling to Hinglaj.
In the past, pilgrims used to gather at Nagnath's area. This was the beginning of the journey. Of course, when the river water on the way stays dry. Because if the water of the river ever rose, it would not be possible to go. There are rivers but with the deserts on both sides of the river. At that time, it took 32 days on foot and 18 days on camels for the pilgrims to reach the shrine. They took flour, salt, molasses, pepper as food.
The stick bearing people are guide to go there who used to have trident-like tree branches in their hands while walking. The branches were covered with vermilion and wrapped in colorful cloth. Now there is an abundance of small hot wells on the way to Hinglaj.
It was believed that before going to Hinglaj Mata one has to get order from Chandrakup baba. People believed that Lord Rama got rid from the curse of killing a brahmin after visiting here.
There is a “Swaran Kund” In front of the temple. Every passenger has to bathe in this Kund holding hands. After that pilgrims have to enter the cave in wet clothes and reach the round platform with high roof by crossing ten or twelve steps. There are two Shrines of Hinglaj Mata and Daughter beautifully decorated with Saree and vermillion present on the platform.There are two doors on either side. pilgrims have to crawl there. There is dense darkness inside the temple.
Brambharandhra is the source of creation. The goddess Hinglaj is the symbol of the electric current of life that flows in the path of life.
The third eye of the Goddess Sati fell on Karbir in Shakkar district of Sindh province. Devi’s third eye has triple glory. Like three leaves on a bel leaf Goddess has three eyes. Devi can see through this eye like a human being. Many people say that Karbir is located in Kolhapur, Maharashtra. There is a temple called Panchasagar at the confluence of Panchanadi near Kolhapur.
There is a complete stone temple at Kolhapur in Maharashtra. There are five islands in front of the temple. Although the goddess is worshiped here as Mahalakshmi, the idol is present in the form of Mahishmardini. She is sitting on the silver throne. There is a gold crown on her head. The feet are adorned with gold. Here Lord Bhairav is present as “Krodhish”. It is heard that Adi guru Shankaracharya came to this temple and arranged to play “Nakara” during the worship of Devi. There are many more temples here out of which “Dash Avtar”, “Radha-Krishna Temple”, “Hanuman Temple”, “Lakshmi Narayana Temple” is very famous. This place is called Kashi of Maharashtra for having so many temples.
The month of Ashwin is celebrated here with great pomp. The fair lasted for 9 days. In those days, Goddess Lakshmi Mahishmardini was dressed in various costumes and carried around in different parts of the city by palki.
3.Sugandha Shakti Pith :-
The third Sati Peeth is on the bank of Sugandha river in Barisal district of Bangladesh. The name of the place is Sugandha or Sunanda. The nose of Goddess Sati fell in Sugandha. The name of the Goddess is Sunanda. Here Bhairav is Tryambak. Shikarpur Bazar is about 26 km away from Barisal city. Sugandha Devi's shrine is in the village of Shikarpur, less than 2 km away from it. In the past this place was covered with forest.
People say that Raja Ram Roy of Shikarpur got a dream and dug a mound in the forest of Samrail and rescued a Shivlingam. But he could not move that Shivlingam from that place. Shiva continues to be worshiped there as Tryambakeshwar. A few days later, Panchanan Chakraborty of Shikarpur dreamed that the rock form of Goddess Kali was submerged under a banyan tree in the river Sugandha. After that he rescued the idol.
It is a statue with a huge nose. Here the Goddess is known as Sunanda. The Goddess exists in the form of fury. Later, a four-foot-tall black stone statue was erected on top of the platform. The Goddess is standing on a quadrangular corpse. One of the four hands contains Bhojali. Sword is in one hand, Blue lotus is in the lower right hand. In the lower left hand, the skeletal skull is presentand next to it Dakini Yogini is present. Shiva Durga is on the top, and Ganesha is on the left.
The present temple is made of cement and is beautiful. Here food is given to the Goddess every day at noon and evening. Various festivals such as Shivaratri, Kali Puja and Durga Puja are celebrated here.
4.Sharada Peeth :-
The neck of the Goddess Sati fell in Kashmir. The Goddess here is known as Mahamaya Bhagwati. Here Bhairav's name is Trisandhyesvara. The SharadaPeeth of Kashmir is said to have been first awakened by the sage Pulastya. He established the Gangouveda Teertha at the place where the Ganges crossed the Himalayas.
In the past, Sharada Peeth's path was inaccessible. Now that inaccessibility is no more. The present temple is about two thousand years old. The small temple consists of a rectangular vermilion rock. This is what has been identified as the Neck of the goddess.
Every year the Goddess is awakened on the date of Shukla Ashtami in the month of Bhadra. Pilgrims visit the goddess at that time. Behind the quadrangular rock is a beautifully carved statue of Saraswati.
5.Jawalamukhi Temple :-
The name of the fifth notable Sati Peeth is Jawalamukhi. Devi Sati’s tongue fell here. Here the name of the Goddess is Ambika. Here she is known as “Siddhidatri”.Here Bhairav's name is “Unmatta”. Jawalamukhi is an ancient pilgrimage. There is a Kund in this Peeth.
You have to go around the temple after the puja. Bhairav's temple is present in the forest on the hill adjacent to the temple. There is no idol in the temple. Flames are coming here through the cracks in the rocks. The seven idols of the mother are illuminated in that seven flames. That flamesare still burning today. But there is no energy like before. These flames are also used for “Homa” and “Puja”. And the pilgrims give ahuti in this flame.
This shrine was unknown in ancient times in the Kangra valley of Himachal Pradesh. After receiving a dream order from Goddess Ambika Siddhida, a Brahmin from South Asia discovered this place of pilgrimage and built a temple in North India.
A total of 9 bluish flames are present here in the form of Mahamaya’sNava shakti. These powers are Mahakali, Annapurna, Chandi, Hinglaj, Vindhyabasini Mahalakshmi, Maha Saraswati, Ambika and Ajni. At one time the Mughal emperor Akbar tried but failed to stop these flames. He then surrendered to the Goddess and also made an umbrella over the temple with gold plate.
It is known from the Mahabharata that the Pandavas built this present temple of this Jawalamukhi. There are two hot Kund present in the middle of the temple. The two hot Kund are Brahma Kund and Gomukhi Kunda. There are two tiger statues next to the arch of the temple.
In ancient times, pilgrims come from far and wide to fulfill their desires at the Mahamaya Temple in the Kangra Valley and devotees used to cut out their tongues and give as gifts to the Goddess. for some people new tongue was made within a day.
Firoz Shah came to destroy this temple but the Millions of bees attacked him in the glory of the Goddess. He escaped after being bitten by this bee. Since then, this goddess has been known as Jawalaji. This tongue of Jawala Devi is still burning today. There is a small Nat mandir in front of the temple. Numerous brass bells given by the king of Nepal are hanging there. Maharaja Ranjit Singh tied the pinnacle of this temple with gold pates. There are four Stambha around the temple with a gold umbrella over it.
There is the temple of Goddess Bhairav as Unmattaswara on the hill half a mile away from Mahamaya temple. If pilgrims don't worship Bhairav, this Peeth Darshan is not successful. But this Shivlingamis always surrounded by poisonous snakes. It is impossible for pilgrims to go there. Therefore, according to the dream orders of Mahadev and Mahadevi, the worship of Unmattaswara is asked to give the Narmadeswara Shiv Lingam inside the temple of Jawalamukhi. Here the wonderful form of mother gives peace to everyone's mind.
6.Sri Vimalamba Shakti Peeth :-
The name of the Goddess that was created after falling the navel of Devi Sati in Orissa province is Mata Bimala. Here Bhairav's name is Jagannath. In Orissa, where the Navel fell, the name of the place is Birja Kshetra. In the temple precincts of Puri, there is a statue of the Goddess Vimala.
According to the Utkalbasi Tantric, this Vimala Mata is the real Goddess of the world. And Lord Jagannath is his Bhairav. The Goddess is east-facing and with four arms. In the lower hand of the right side is the akshamala and in the upper hand the nectar grove is present. And the Nag Kanya is in the upper left hand and the Abhaya Mudra is in the lower hand.The Goddess is seated in Nar asana and white like the moon. White garlands and white clothes are very dear to the Goddess. If anyone worship the Goddess with Kheer and yogurt, the Goddess gives life to them. During the three days of Durga Puja in the autumn, on the Saptami, Ashtami and Navami, Bimala Maa is worshiped as Durga in the sixteenth preaching in the Shrikshetra of Puri.
When Lord Jagannath Dev fell asleep, three goats were brought through a door on the south side of the temple for three days and the next day they were sacrificed in front of the temple of Goddess Bimala. Thus, a combination of Vaishnava and Shakta views took place in Puri. But on other days of the year the Goddess is worshiped according to Vaishnavism. Prasad of Jagannath Dev is identified as Mahaprasad when Lord Jagannath, Balarama and Bimala Devi receive it. So, after offering Naivedya’s to Jagannath Dev every day, it is also offered to Bimala Devi.
7.Gandaki Shakti Pith :-
The seventh pith is the Gandaki Shakti pith of Nepal. Here the name of the Goddess is Gandaki and the name of Bhairav is Chakrapani. Devi Sati’s Ganda fell in Gandaki, Nepal. This is a place of worship for pilgrims. Shaligram rock was born in this river. Since Shaligram is found in the waters of this river, the name of the source of this river is Shaligram. And this is the source where temple of Gandaki Chandi is situated.
Mukti Nath of Nepal is the best Shaivite shrine present here. This temple was built in the form of Dochala Pagoda Chinesereligious style. Narayan Mukti Nath is present here inside the temple. The statue of Mukti Nath is made of gold. The eternal serpent is holding the hood over the head of this deity. There are Jay and Vijay present on both sides. The shrine is located in a cave on the banks of the river Gandaki on the way to the temple of Mukti Nath.
There is an entrance present in the wooden Dochala temple like Buddhist monastery. Goddess Chandi is present in the Garbha Griha. Bhairavis present here as Chakrapani. Here the tallest rock is Bhairav. There is a trident in front of him and a garland of rudraksha is present on the rock. There is a replica of Kurma, the vehicle of the Goddess, present on the ground in front of the steps in the back yard. Goddess Gandaki is worshiped in this temple as Devi Chandi.
8.Bahula temple :-
The Goddess's name is Bahula and Bhairav is Viruk in the place where the Goddess is worshiped at Ketugram in Burdwan district. Here Left hand of Devi Sati fell. This Ketugram has an ancient tradition and history. The village is named after Chandraketu, the son of a local king. The temple of this Goddess is located here on the banks of the river Ajay.
This is a very old temple. There is a near the temple. The roof of the temple is flat. Here the idol of the Goddess has been placed on a black stone. The Goddess has a crown on her head. The Goddess is with four arms but one hand is broken. The style of wearing the clothes of the Goddess pleasing the eyes.
The sari has been lowered on both sides of the idol's neck. As a result, no other features of the body are visible except the face of the Goddess. On the right side of the Goddess is the eight-armed Ganesha and on the left is the Goddess Lakshmi. The height of the Goddess is three and a half hands.
According to the tradition of the past, buffaloes are sacrificed here on the Maha Navami. Besides, the festival lasts for five to seven days during Holiwhen goats are sacrificed. At that time many pilgrims are gathering here. There is a pond in front of the temple here. Bathing there can get rid of any disease. Medicine provided by Devi’s dream is given here free of cost. Annabhog is given to the mother at twelve o'clock in the afternoon and prayers are done in the evening.
Another temple of Bahula Devi is located on the banks of a river in one of the villages. In this temple only the Goddess is worshiped. The inscription on the temple is Maraghat Maha Peeth. The Goddess is established in one of the two temples found in Ketugram. The name of that Goddess is Bahula. And the Goddess established in the temple named Maraghat is Bahulakhyi. Here the right elbow of the Devi Sati fell. The name of this place is Ranakhand. Here Bhairav is Mahakal. As these two Peeth is located at this place so it is known as Jugma Peeth.
9.Mangalchandi temple :-
In Ujjain, Bhairav is Kapilambar and Devi is Chandika. According to people, the name of the Goddess here is Siddhi. She was the adored Goddess of Vikramaditya. Devi Sati's left elbow fell on Ujjain. The place of Ujjain is significant in literature. At one time it was the capital of West Malabar. It is now located in Gwalior, India.
Here Bhairav's name is Mahakal. There is an ancient temple of Goddess Harsiddhi on the bank of Rudrasagar near the Mahakal temple. Ujjaini is the thirteenth Peeth and Avanti is the forty-ninth Shakti Peeth. Devi Sati’s lips fell on Avanti and elbow fell on Ujjain.
Here in this PeethDeviis Harsiddhi and Bhairavis Lombakarna. This Harsiddhi temple is situated on a high foundation stone on the shores of Rudrasagar. Like all other places of worship, here the eyes and face are painted on the stone coated with Matrismriti Sindur.
The Goddess has a silver pinnacle on her head. On the top of the Goddess the idol of Devi Annapurnais present and below the idol of Devi Kalika is present. The lamps in the temple courtyard are unique. Hundreds of years old lanterns are lit at the Navratri fair here. At the end of the aarti, devotees receive the heat and Tika. When Vikramaditya was king, Ujjain was forested. The Goddess has been here since ancient times. She then appeared in a dream of Vikramaditya and ordered the king to worship her.
The temple of Goddess Sarvamangala is present at Kogram on the banks of the river Ajay. The temple has an idol of the ten-armed Goddess with Lion made with Astadhatu. Bhairav is sitting on the left side with the Goddess. Here Bhairav's name is Kapilambar.
The Lingam is made of stone. There is a broken statue of Buddha present next to Bhairav. Although Mangalchandi is omnipotent in the society, here Bhairav’s name is Kapilambar. A big fair is held here during Durga puja. The combination of Shakta and Buddhist religions awakened the sense of religion in India to the people, bringing about unity in diversity. Here is a wonderful meeting of Buddhism and Shaktism occurs.
10.Bhavani Mata Temple :-
The right arm of the Devi Sati fell in Chittagong, Bangladesh. The name of the Goddess here is Bhavani and Bhairav is Chandrasekhar. He resides on Chandra Nath hill. It is said that if anyone could climb the hill, he would get Rudra Lok. People believe that Mahadev resides in that place in the form of a bell tree. There are many rocks in the shape of Damru.
Devi Bhavani exists here in the form of Kali. The snake is hanging around the neck of the Goddess. Crescent is present on the head. The two left hands have a “Kharga” and a “Mundo”. And in the other two handsAshirwad and Abhaya Mudra are present. Pilgrimages were created here a long time ago. In the Treta era, Ramchandra came to this Chandra Nath hill with his brother Lakshman and wife Sita to visit Maheshwar.There is Sita Kund present here. If anyone ascends to this hill, he will free from rebirth again. Sita Kund is located to the west of this hill. Under the curse of Rama, in the age of Kali, this Kund was invisible to man for four thousand years.
Devi Bhavani's Maha Peeth is located on ChandraNath hill near Sita Kund station in Chittagong district. There is a Swayambhu Shivling present near the temple of Bhavani and there is an Birupakhya Shivling present on a hill. And at the highest peak Bhairav Chandrasekhar Shivling is present. Chandra Nath is located at a height of about twelve hundred feet from the sea.
This Sita Kund is now almost extinct. Only the temple stands somehow next to a fountain in a cave in the mountains. There is another Kund here called Byas Kund. Pilgrims bathe here and does Tarpan. Byasadeva performed Ashvamedha Yajna near this Kund. Bhavani temple is established at this place. Ascending the hill to the east from Byas Kund, one can see the luminous blue flame of Shiva's “Netranal Rup” rising from the underground on the right.
That flame is burning day and night. To the north of the Swayambhu Nath temple a salt Kund is present. Here Agnidev is always burning with his blue tongue. Bathing in this pool can get rid of any disease.
There is a temple of Goddess Bhavani at the foot of Chandra Nath hill, less than two and a half miles from Sita Kund Bazar. Mata’s temple is very simple. It is built in a low-rise peak around a major high-rise peak. There is a Mangal ghat at the entrance of the Garbha mandir. There is an image of Goddess Bhavani in the Garbha Griha. This idol has long been in the heart of King Dhanmanikya of Tripura. Later a devotee renovated this new temple by placing a new idol.
11.Tripureshwari temple :-The right foot of the Devi Sati fell in Tripura. The name of the Goddess here is Tripura Sundari. Bhairav is Tripuresh. This Tripureshwari temple is located on a hill four miles away from Udaipur city in the state of Tripura. This temple was built by Dhanmanikya, the king of Tripura. He set up a temple to establish Vishnu, but after setting up the temple, he received a dream order from Devi, and rescued the Goddess from the root of a tree near Sarod Ghat in Chittagong and set up the temple.
In front of this temple there is a vast desert. This desert is known as Sukhsagar. In one of these temples, King also established the Shaligram rock on a brass throne in front of Devi Tripureshwari. This Goddess here is Darumayi. The Goddess is standing here on Shiva's chest and is four-armed.
The upper hand on her left side contains Pash and the upper hand on his right side contain Ankush. Mundo is present in the lower hand on the left side and Bar mudra is present in the lower right hand. Every day food is served to the goddess with luchi sweets etc. Bhairav Lingam is located on the outskirts of the city. Bhairav's house is called Mahadev's house.
The shed of the Tripureshwari temple is built in imitation of a Buddhist pagoda. Tripureshwari here is the sixteenth idol of the Ten Mahavidyas. Goats are sacrificed here every day as a ritual of worship. The people of the hilltop class with Mashal come to the temple premises every new moon day and show the Mashal light. Devi doesn't know as Kali because she doesn't have a red tongue. Here she is worshiped in the form of Shoroshi.
12.Bhramori Shakti Peeth :-
The left foot of the Devi Sati fell at a place called Trisrota in West Bengal. The name of the Goddess here is Bhramori. And Bhairav here is Ishwar. According to Shiva Charita, the knee of Devi Sati fell in Trisrota. Here the name of the Goddess is Chandrika and the name of Bhairav is Sadananda.
Jalpaiguri district has this Maha Peeth on the banks of the flowing river Teesta. There is a village called Shalbari. This Maha Peeth is located there. The famous temple of Jalpeshwar is located at Jalpis village in Jalpaiguri district. This is a Shaiva Peeth. On the occasion of Shivaratri on the date of Falguni Krishna Chaturdashi, devotees gather here.
It is located between three rivers. Mahadevi Bhramori is Four Armed. Holder of the grip. Abhay and blessings giving from the right and left arms. Jatadharini and vermilion bearing. Nandishwar temple is present to the east of the main temple.
There is a stone made Vishnu temple present here. The neck of the Goddess is adorned with garlands of various bells. Different Bhromor swings around the Goddess. So, the name of this Goddess is Bhramori.
13.Kamakhya temple :-
Kamrup Kamakhya of Assam is a significant Shakti Peeth. The origin of the name Kamrup revolves around the story of the destruction of Daksha Yajna. When Lord Shiva was carrying Devi Sati’s body on his shoulders in a state of bewilderment, Lord Vishnu dismembered Devi Sati's body with his SudarshanChakra and Sati's body was scattered in different places.Then her “Yoni” fell in Kamagiri or Kamrup. On top of Nilachal hill near Guwahati. After that when Lord Shiva sat down to meditate, Kamadeva broke his meditation and was burnt by the spark that came out of Lord Shiva's third eye. The place where Kamadeva got back his life after the gods appeased Shiva is called Kamrup.
The Muslims have repeatedly destroyed this temple for a long time. In 1585, Koch Raja Naranarayana built the present temple. However, there is a huge contribution of Tantra behind the construction of this temple. In Kalika Purana there is written that the immaculate human flesh a very favorite thing of Goddess.
Koch Raja did not forget to offer Devi human sacrifices during the establishment of the new temple. The newly detached Human Heads has been gifted to the Goddess in copper vessels. The temple was established with 140Human heads. According to Tantra, the newly established Goddess is very “Jagrata”. Today there are crowds of people at the temple of the Goddess from home and abroad.
Lord Vishnu says, this Mahadevi came to Nilkut mountain with me to fulfill her desire and got the name Kamakhya. He is Kamada, Kamini, Kama, Kanta, Kamdayini, Kamnashini. That's why people call it Kamakhya. The name of the place where Devi Sati’s Yoni fell on the Nilkut mountain is known as Kubjika.
The Yoni has been stoned. This stone is known as Kamakhya Devi. If this is touched byHuman being, he gets divinity, and if touched byGod, he gets Brambhatwa. The length of the petrified rock is 21 fingers and the width is 1/2 hand. Sindur and Kumkum is always present on it.
Goddess Mahamaya resides here daily in the form of Panchkamini such as Kamakhya, Tripuri, Kameshwari, Sarada and Mahotsaha. The Goddess is surrounded by Ashtayogini Guptakama, Srikama, Vindhyabasini, Kotiswari, Dhyanastha. Pada Durga, Dirgheshwari, and Prakata. Red shalu is covered over Devi’s Yoni. It is said that the mountain turned blue soon after the Yoni of the Goddess fell.
14.Jogadya Shakti Peeth :-
Khirgram or Jogadya is located near Kaichar railway station under Mangalkort police station of Burdwan district. The Finger of the southern foot of Devi Sati fell in this Khirgram. Here the name of the Goddess is Jogadya. According to the locals, the big Finger of Goddess Sati fell in the middle of the south side of Khirdighi. There is a statue of the Goddess under the water of this lake.
Here people call Bhairav as Khireswar. Khireswar temple is present in the northeast corner some distance from Khirdighi. In the Khirgram, King Hari Datta saw the Goddess in the idol of Ugrachandi. The statue is made with black stone and sitting on a Lion (Simhabahini). Many devotees call the Goddess as Bhutdhatri. However, the temple now has only Bedi which is worshiped daily.
Every year the Goddess is taken out of the water on the night before Baisakhi Sankranti. At the end of the puja, the Goddess is placed in the water at dawn. Then a big fair is held on the bank of the lake. The fair lasted till the fourth day of the month of Jyeshtha. On the last day, the idol of the Goddess is lifted from the water again and the devotees get a chance to see and touch the idol for three hours.
Apart from this, special worship of Goddess is done on Ashari Navami, Vijaya Dashami, 15thPoush and Magh Makri Saptami. Goats are sacrificed during worship. According to the locals, the Goddess Jogadya of Khirgram is basically the deity of the Uttakshatriya community.
A tunnel went down from the mother's main Bedi. But no one knows how deep it went. A snake and a frog are said to live together in that tunnel. The name Jogadya came from Adya. Adya in Yogini. Here, fromChaitra Sankranti to Baishakh Sankranti, certain musicians play in front of the mother's temple in the middle of the night. They eat Habisanna all night. They play musical instruments with seven thick cloths tied around their waists and eyes. Chamundas, the Goddess's chala, dances to the beat of the instrument.
15.Tripurmalini Shakti Peeth :-
Tripurmalini Shakti Peeth is one of the important Peeth for pilgrims. Devi Sati’s left breast fell in Jalandhar, Punjab. Next to this shrine is the abode of Shankarpuri. The place used to be full of dense forest but later it was renovated.
Here the name of the Goddess is Tripurmalini and Bhairav is known as Bhishan. The name of the Goddess in Devi Bhagwat is Bishwamukhil. In one place of Kalika Puran, Jalandhar is called Jalshoilo. Jalandhar is one of the ancient four Shakti Peeth. This shrine is near Balamukhi in Kangra district. Fires can be seen coming out of some places near Jalandhar. There are dome-shaped temples built somewhere. One of the places of interest here is Tulsi Temple, Shiva Temple, Annapurna Temple etc.
16.Baidyanath Temple :-
Baidyanath Temple, also known as “Baba Baidyanath Dham”. This is considered as one of the twelve “Jyotirlingas”. It is the most sacred adobes of “Lord Shiva”, located in Deoghar, Jharkhand. This Dham consists of a main temple of Jyotirlinga and 21 other temples.
According to the Hinduism, Ravana worshiped lord shiva at this place and offered his 10 heads one by one. Then “lord shiva” came as a “Vaidya” to cure him, so this is known as “Baidyanath Dham”. This place is located at Prajjalika-Nidhanam “Chitabhoomi”, where “lord shiva” worshiped as “Smashan vasin”.
Here Devotees can get satisfaction by offering Avishek’s themselves on Jyotirlinga. As because here “Heart” of “Dakshayani” (Goddess Sati) fell It is also known as the “Hardapeeth”.
It is very famous for the Shraavana mela (July-August) and “Babadham Yatra”. Every year 8 to 10 million devotees visit this shrine at this time and offer holy Ganges water collected from sultan Ganj to the deity. They walk on barefoot about 108 km to the temple carrying the water in “Kavadi”. The pilgrims are called as “Dak bam” and they do not stop even once within their journey to the temple.
17.Mahamaya Shakti Peeth :-
Devi Sati's right thigh fell on the opposite side of Pasupathi temple on the banks of the Bagmati river in Nepal. Here the name of the Goddess is Mahamaya. And Bhairav's name is Kapali. According to the scriptures, the Goddess is identified here as Mahamaya, but Mahamaya is not found anywhere in Nepal. Goddess Gujhyeswari is more predominant here.
Nepal is the land of Gods and Goddesses. Here nine Durga live together. Their names are Brajeshwari, Koteshwari, Jhangeshwari, Bhubaneswari, Mangaleswari, Gujhyeswari, Batbaleshwari, and Joy Bageshwari, these nine forms of Durga are known as Nava Durga. King Pratap Malla of Nepal, after cleaning a dense forest, went to dig a certain place and then a pond was created and a stone statue of the Goddess was found at the bottom of the pond.
The king established the statue next to the pond. He set up a temple. There are four bronze serpent statues at the top of the temple. There is a lion statue next to it. Inside the temple is a gold-encrusted pedestal in the middle of a square attic. The Goddess is present under water in a small hole. It is always covered with gold.
In Nepal, Pasupathi Shiva is predominant. According to the scriptures, the famous temple of Pasupathi Nath was built here in 1653 AD. Maheshwar is standing here with four faces. Looking at Bhopal, one can see his calmness. King Bhupalendra Malla built this temple.
According to Shivcharitright thigh of the Goddess fell in Nepal. The name of the Goddess is Mahamaya or Nava Durga. Walking along the banks of the Bagmati river, one can first visit the Gorakkhanath and later the Gujhyanath temples.
In the 17th century, the temple was worshiped according to the Tantric tradition as the king was a believer of the Tantric tradition. If you can get the secret philosophy to get the Goddess, then the mind is no longer involved in the corruption of the world.
18.Manasa Shakti Pith :-
Manas is a significant Shakti Pith. Manas Sarovar in Kailash and Tibet are a sacred lake located in the northern part of the Himalayas. It is the source of Brahmaputra, Shatadru, Indus, Karnali and Sarayu. It will take at least four days to walk around Manas Sarovar. This lake is known as Manas Sarovar because it is originated from the mind of Brahma.
Sati's right hand fell on the shore of this Manas Sarovar. The Goddess residing here is Dakshayani and Bhairav's name is Amar. Embracing the west bank of Manas Sarovar, a small mountain rises. There are many big caves present in this mountain. There is also a large cave on the east side. Upstairs in this cave is a statue of Har Parvati. There are handwritten books in the cave.
The cave is dark so you have to enter with light. This secret cave is the Shakti Pith of Goddess. There is a hall in front of this cave. There are fur mattresses around the hall. It is covered with blue-red cloth on top. Here the lamas come and chant. The cave is decorated with garlands of light during the day.
Devi Shakti Pith is standing on a rock on the shore of Manas Sarovar. There is a cave of Buddhists called Chiu on the shores of Manas Sarovar on a hill. There is no place like a cave in the middle of that rock, but it is not worshiped. There are no Hindu priests. The iron gates of Dakshayani’s cave are always closed. The lamas light a lamp there in the evening.
There is no real statue in the cave. No festival is celebrated here. The place is 15000 feet high. After being cold enough during the winter. Not so cold in summer. At the behest of Mao Zedong's wife, the army demolished 20,000 caves. Some part of the Chew cave remained intact. Devi Dakshayani remained there. She is still worshiped today, but there is no splendor.
19.Kalighat kali Temple :-
Kalighat is a notable Shakti Pith. Devi Sati's four fingers of right leg fell there. Here the Goddess's name is Kalika and Bhairav is Nakuleshwar. This place is situated at a place called Govindapur on the banks of the Ganges. According to Goddess Bhagavata, this place is as sacred as Kali.
Kalikshetra is a two-dimensional arched space from Dakshineshwar to Behala. In this cross triangular place resides Trigunatmak Brahma, Vishnu and Maheshwar and in the middle resides Kalika Devi. In Kalighat, Kolkata, where the temple is now situated, there used to be a dense forest. The fox used to call there even during the day. The Kapalikas worshiped Kalika, in the forest.
Gujhyakali is the name given to Kalimata who lived secretly in a forested place. According to the Puranas, Devi Sati’s body was broken by Lord Vishnu’s Sudarshan Chakra and four fingers of his right leg fell on the southwestern end of West Bengal on the banks of the Adi Ganga. Then a virtuous Mahatirtha was created. That is Kalighat in Calcutta.
The first temple at Kalighat was built 300 years ago. In 1806, a member of the Savarna Chowdhury dynasty cleared the jungle, then built the temple and donated 194 acres of land to Devi kali. According to the locals, Vishwakarma himself appeared there and placed the Goddess on the Bramhabedi. From then on, the mother worship of Kalighat started.
The height of the Kalighat temple is 60 cubits. Interior range is 50 hands. This is a lovely Aat-Chala temple present next to Nakuleshwar Shiva temple. Kalighat is always crowded with devotees. Pandas are present for giving pujas. However, on Saturdays, Tuesdays, in the new moon, on Sankranti, on the day of Kali Puja, more crowds are added after bathing in the Ganges.
It is very difficult to offer worship at Kalighat mother's temple. There is a tunnel-like door on the east side of the temple. That is the entrance to the Garbha Griha. Since the idol of the mother is lowered from the Bedi of the temple, not many people can stand there. There is a way out of the tunnel for the man inside.
So, there is a lot of pushing inside the Garbha Griha. After all the ornaments on the mother's body were stolen in 1878, then rich Hindus took the initiative to rebuild everything. In 1809, a new temple of the mother was built again. Before, a lot of animals were sacrificed here. Now it has decreased. On the 4th day of Durga Puja, mother Kali is worshiped at Kalighat as Durga. The priest's voice came out as“Durgakalikai Namah!”.
20.Prayag Shakti Pith :-
The 20th important Shakti Peeth is situated in Prayag, Allahabad. According to the scriptures, the finger of Goddess Sati's hand fell there. Here the Goddess's name is Lalita and Bhairav is Bhava. Bharatchandra has connected ten Mahavidyas with ten fingers here. Mahamaya's fingers are each Mahavidya Swarupini.
This Sati Peeth is quite far to the northeast of Tribeni Ghat. The idol lessGoddess temple has only one stone Bedi. At the top of the Bedi is a hole four cubits in size. A cradle is swinging on the shrine. That cradle is the seat of the Goddess. There are five Kunds present next to it. It is said that Devi Jahnavi resides in the water of this Kund. Mahadev is under the Akshaya Bot tree of this Prayag. He protects Lalita Devi and always keeps the greatness of this pilgrimage awake.
Lalita Devi is Karalbadana, Meghabarna and terrifying. She is beautiful and Man Mohini. She is Aparupa, Chaitanya Rupini, Brahmamayi. When Jupiter and Sun meet in Makar rashi on Sunday and if it is a full moon date, then Prayag tirtha is as sacred as Puskartirtha. This yoga is called Kumbhayoga. According to this yoga, a big fair is held in Prayag after every twelve years.
It is as if the Satipith Lalita Mandir has been built to keep this Tirtha Mahatma of Prayag awake every day. Here the Goddess is four armed and dressed in Blood colored dress. She is Adyashakti Lalita. Prayag means renunciation. The seeker can feel the happiness of Prayag Tirtha by giving up everything.
21.Jayanti Shakti pith :-
Jayanti is the 21st Shakti Peeth. Jayanti is located in a rocky and mountainous area to the northeast, a few miles from the town of Srihatta. This Sati Pith is in the Jayanti hills of Meghalaya. Here the lower part of Devi Sati's left leg fell. Here the name of the Goddess is Jayanti and the name of Bhairav is Kramadishvara.
To the locals, the name of this back of the Goddess is Baur Bhaga. Jayantiraj established a temple here and arranged daily worship. From then on, the glory of the Goddess Jayanti began to spread. Since the Goddess was manifested through human sacrifice, every year on the ninth day of Durga Puja, Jayantiraj would try to please the Goddess with human sacrifice.
It is heard that people used to come to the Goddess to offer sacrifices of their own because they thought that if they did so they would go to heaven. During the British rule, the governor stopped this human sacrifice. The Sati Pith is a large stone in a square shallow hole inside the temple of the Goddess Jayanti. There is also a Kund here. The Goddess is worshiped in the water of that Kund.
Devi’s Kramadishvara resides here, but not far away, Rup Nath Shiva is called Bhairav here. In this form here Kramadishvara exists. He gets Puja every Monday in a temple made of leaf in special way.
22.Kiriteshwari temple :-
Approximately 6,000 years ago, the cutted body of Sati by Sudarshan Chakra of Lord Vishnu, after insulted in Daksha Yajna, was scattered in Ekanna Pith. In Murshidabad the crown of the Goddess fell on this Sati Pith. The name of the Goddess comes from Kirit is Kiriteshwari. And the name of that place is Kiritkona. The pith does not form here from the body of the Goddess Kiriteshwari, so many have identified it as a Upa-Pith.
The name of the Goddess here is Bhubaneshi. Bhairav is the Kirit or Siddharupa. This Pith is called Maha-pith. It is unknown when this Pith was discovered. Raghunath, son of Sava ram, built this temple in 18 AD. The statue of Bhairav here is made in the style of Buddha. Bhairav is Padmasana. Crown is present on his head and yajnapabita on the neck. This statue of Bhairav shows the influence of Buddhism at that time. The Goddess here is very awake.
The Shilais the symbol of the Goddess. It is covered with red cloth all the year round. Once a year on Durgasthami the Goddess is bathed by changing these clothes. It is heard here that Mirjaffartook his last Breath after drinking the Charanamrita of Goddess. This shrine was awakened by the devotion of Ramakrishna Roy, the adopted son of Rani Bhavani. The Goddess is worshiped in both present and ancient temples. There are no idols in the new temple. There is another Bedi on another Bedi. The face of the Goddess is painted on this small Bedi.
The temple was first built in 1104 by Rani Bhavani of Natore. Later, a man named Bhavan Roy renovated and rebuilt this temple. This ancient moth was known as Gupta math. Every year in the month of Poush, a fair is held in the temple premises. The two Shiva temples seen in the northeast corner of the ancient temple were established by Subedar Roy Vallabh and Roy Durlabh of Bengal. The temple is almost extinct with the Present Lingam, but in ancient times there were 108 temples here. Today, the ruins of Ling, Gauripatta and temples can be seen here and there.
23. Bishalakhyi Temple :-
Manikarnika of Varanasi is the 23rd Shakti Peeth. Devi Sati's Karnakundal fell here. The name of the Goddess according to Tantra Churamani is Bishalakhyi or Manikarni. Bhairav's name is Kalbhairav. This shakti Peeth is known as Manikarnika. According to the Skanda Puranas, a pond was built here with the Sudarshan Chakra of Lord Vishnu, hence its name is Chakrapuskarini. And the name of this place is Manikarnika because Devi’s Kundal fell in this pond.
Since the Kundal fell instead of the body of the Goddess, it is known as a Upa-Pith. Here Peeth Devi is Annapurna and Bhairav is Baba Bishwa Nath. Above the Manikarnika Ghat in Varanasi is the Manikarnishwar Temple and Vishnu's Charan Paduka. This Goddess is very awake here. She built this huge pilgrimage site at Varanasi on the banks of the river Ganges.
The Goddess is satisfied when anyone worships her by fasting on Krishna Tritiya of the month of Bhadra. He gives eternal blessings only if anyone gives a little donation to Bishalakhyi. The complexion of the Goddess is as bright as Devi Sati. She is two armed. She holds a sword in one hand and a shield in the other. Wearing dress of red color and a garland of cutted heads, standing on the corpse. She is known as forgiver.
The temple of Kalbhairav is half a crosh north of Vishweswar temple. Fasting on Krishna Ashtami in the month of Agrahayan and waking up at night to Kalbhairav at this Kapalmochan Tirtha removes great sins. The present temple of Kalbhairav was also rebuilt by Bajirao. At the entrance of this magnificent temple there is a statue of Dash Avtar. Kalbhairav's shrine is made of stone is blue and black.
His two eyes are made of silver. Bhairav is established in a seat made of gold. There is a statue of a dog next to it. Bhairav is worshiped as the Kotwal of Kashi. He protects the people of Kashi. It is heard that at this time in Varanasi, when Mahadev gave up his life, Mahadev chanted Tarak Brambhanam in their right ear. As a result, human beings get moksha from life. Many people became Kashi residents with an intense desire to get moksha in old age. Jagadamba also sat on the cheetah on the side of the dead body in the form of Mahakali and released all his ties with family life. This shakti Pith is full of Shiva and Shakti.
This place has been awakened by the austerities of the devotees. The arrival of saintly devotees for years has created a good environment in this place. The sound of conch bells of Vishwanath temple is ringing in the background. Ganges ghat is filled with the chant of Annapurna and Vishwanath. If there is a place of eternal liberation and eternal peace, it is Varanasi.
24. Kanyashram Shakti Pith :-
Kanyashram is the twenty-fourth Shakti Peeth. Here the backside of Devi Sati fell. Here the name of the Goddess is Sarbani and the name of Bhairav is Nimish. According to Shiva Charita, the backside of the Goddess fell on Vaibhasvata. The name of the Goddess there is Triputa. Bhairav is brown colored.
There is no end to the controversy over where Kanyashram is. Some say Kanyashram is in Kanauj, Uttar Pradesh, while others say Kanyashram is located in the Chittagong district of Kamrup, near the Chandrasekhar mountain. Next to Kumari Kund is Bhairav in the form of Shiva. Here a girl is found who plays with the light of fire. A Kumari girl is playing in the middle of the fire, sometimes disappearing. That is why this Kumari Kunda is known as Kanyashram. Hundreds of divine daughters and heaven are gained by fasting, keeping vows, and living for three nights in Kanyashram.
25. Savitri Temple Kurukshetra :-
Kurukshetra is the twenty-fifth Shakti Pith. The right ankle of the Devi Sati has fallen there. Here the Goddess is Savitri and Bhairav is Thaneshwar. Bhadrakali Sati Peeth is located next to Kurukshetra railway station. There is a Sati Kup present in front of the temple. The right ankle of the Goddess fell into this paved well.
The Goddess here is seated on Mahadev in the form of Kalikamurti, wearing a red Sharee. Trisula is present in the upper hand on the left side, Mundamala is in the lower hand. Baravaya mudra is in the upper right hand and Rudraksha is in the lower hand. The head and neck are adorned with various ornaments.
If anyone visit the Goddess there, the fatigue of the whole yatra goes away. The religious war between the Kuru and the Pandavas took place in this Kurukshetra field. The Gita says that Kurukshetra is the Dharmakshetra. There is no better pilgrimage like this. People believe that anyone who dies in this pilgrimage will go to heaven.
Daipayan Lake is located in the southern corner of this Kurukshetra. Parashurama conquered the earth twenty-one times and offered it to his ancestors in the holy waters of this lake. Since then this place is known as Daipayana Tirtha.
It is also called Dadhichitirtha. Here Dadhichi gave up his life to kill Vrittasura. It is called Brahma Sara because Brahma did austerities on the shores of this lake a long time ago. On an island in this lake there is a sacred Kund named Chandrakup.
Next to it is Suryanarayana temple. Touching the water of this well during lunar and solar eclipses brings great merit. There is a Savitri temple on the west side of this lake. A piece of rock covered with red cloth symbolizes the Goddess. The role of Savitri Devi is very important in human society.
Savitri is the daughter of Suryadev. Goddess Savitri is the presiding deity of Gayatri Mantra. She is the mother of the Vedas. At the time of creation, Durga, Lakshmi, Saraswati, Savitri and Radha appeared together in the idol of Savitri. Goddess Savitri is the wife of Lord Brahma.
26. Pushkar Shakti Pith :-
Puskar Tirtha is a significant place for worshiping Devi Gayatri. Wrist of Devi Sati’s left hand fell here. Here the Goddess's name is Gayatri and Bhairav is Sarbananda. Brahma established this Puskar shrine at Ajmer in Rajasthan.
According to the locals, King Laho Rao of Rajputana also got rid of leprosy after drinking water from this lake. The place where he performed Yajna is called Yajna Bedi. To the west of this Bedi is the temple of Goddess Gayatri. There are also idols of Narayana, Kankaleswara and Savitri.
The natural beauty of Puskar is very beautiful. There are a thousand temples here, big and small. The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, seeing the devotion of the Hindus to Puskar, ordered the temple to be demolished. But then he went to measure the depth of the pond with a gold olon and found no surface. He saw that the gold olon turned into iron. He then apologized to Puskar Lake and donated 52,000 bighas of land to the Pandas.
The Brahma temple here is the largest temple. In the Hindu holy scriptures,each one of the Gayatri mantras is worshiped as a deity. Gayatri is known asVedmata. The Vedas have been created from the Gayatri mantra.
27. Mahalakshmi Temple :-
The Srihatta Shakti Pith is one of the six Pith in Bangladesh. Here the neck of Devi Sati fell. Here Peeth Devi is Mahalakshmi and Bhairav is Sarbananda. A man named Devi Prasad Das, after receiving a dream order from Devi, arranged daily worship of the two halved stones there. He later decided to build a temple with bricks. But again, receiving the dream order of the Devi, he did not build the temple but surrounded the two sacred stone blocks with bricks. The Goddess was revealed in this way, but Bhairav's Pith remained secret from people.
Later, Gauri Patta, three lamps and three earthen pots were found about one and a half cubits below the ground, which proves that worship had taken place there earlier. So Srihatta is not just a Shaktipeeth, it is a historical place.
There is a temple of Baba Sarbananda on a green hill 300 meters away from the temple of Mother Mahalakshmi in Srihatta. The top of the temple can be seen from a distance. There are pitchers at the top of the peak. There is a trident on this temple. That trident is the main symbol of Shiva temple.
28. Kanchi Kamakshi Temple :-
Devi Sati's skeleton fell in Kanchi. Here the Goddess is Devagarbha and Bhairav's name is Ruru. Goddess Kamakshi and Ekamranath Shivlingam reside in Kanchipuram in southern India. Kanchi Desh is present in Birbhum district. This Pith is located on the banks of the river Kopai, in the village of Rengutia, two crores away from Bolpur station.
Like other places of worship, there is a Kund present here. The water of the two springs fills the two wells in an uninterrupted stream. The cutted body part of the Goddess fell here. So, the water in the Kund is very holy. A rock submerged in a tank is described as a petrified part of the Goddess. There is an open Bedi present near the Kund. This Bedi is one hundred and eight Normund rooted seat. The Goddess is worshiped on this Bedi. At present a temple has been built on the Bedi. Now devotees worshiping the Goddess in a girl's picture. Worship is done in Chaitra month. Pancha Shiva without Goddess part remain submerged in water.
During the puja, they are taken out of the water and put back in the water after the puja. On the Pith of the Goddess is the abode of Bhairav Ruru. But this Bhairav lingam is completely extinct today. There is only Gauri Patta. Also here is Kanchisvara Shiva. People call this place's Goddess Kankalimata. This Goddess Vigraha was founded by Sannyasi Birjananda.
29. Kalmadhab Shakti Pith :-
Kalmadhab is a significant Shakti Pith. Here the Goddess's Nitamb fell. Here the Goddess is Kali and Bhairav is Asitanga. Visiting this place anyone gets Mantra siddhi. If a devotee prays to the Goddess on this Pith at midnight on Tuesday the 14th, he will attain Siddhi. Kalmadhab is located 34 miles from Puri in Orissa. Here Goddess Shyama kali is the main deity.
From ancient times she is the family Goddess of Maharaja’s. It was the abode of the devotee KaliKrishna. He always composed and sang Shyama Sangeet. The king built the temple 500 years ago after receiving a dream order. The temple has wonderful carvings. There is a beautiful stone statue of Kali. The temple of BhairavAsitanga was also built there.
Shyama Ma is standing on Shiva just like our Bengali. Here is the mother is known as Abhaydankarini. Not fierce. The temple of the white stone Goddess is beautiful. There is a high Bedi with steps. There are thousands of silver lotuses on the Bedi. The Trinayana deity is standing on Swayambhu Shiva, lying with his head on the south side and his feet on the north side. His portrait is made of white stone.
Trinayana Shyama ma standing in front of the south position on the chest of Mahadev. Stone statue is adorned with Benarasi Cheli costumes along with various ornament. Goddess’s feet contain Shinjin, Gujri Pancham, Billapatra and Ranga Jaba. Seeing the beautiful mother figure, the soul is overwhelmed with devotion. Ornament is present on the cheek of the Goddess, traditional necklace of pearls on the neck, golden headdress. Bala and bauti in the upper hand. Lower hand has amulets and arms. Crown on the head, and earrings on ear. Nose and nose ring present in the beautiful nose. Baravaya with a gold waistband on the waist. Narakpal is hanging in the lower half of the hand. All in all, this Pith is really fancy.
30. Narmada Shakti Pith :-
The right Nitamb of Devi Sati has fallen in Narmada. The name of the Goddess here is Sonakshi. And Bhairav's name is Bhadra Sen. There is the shrine in Narmada Kunda. It is better known as Shaivatirtha than Shakti Peeth. This place is Tapobhumi Narmada. To Amar Kantak, the land of austerities is as important to the devotee as the Himalayas.
Many saint's hut has been built on the banks of the river Narmada. In the Skanda Purana, Narmada is identified as Shiva Simantini. Shiva's wife Mahadevi Narmada is adorned with Shyambarna and Sarvarana. He sits on Capricorn. According to the Matsya Purana, the Goddess Narmada is the best of all rivers and destroys all sins.
Shatakul can be rescued by bathing and tarpan in the river Narmada. This river originated from the body of Shankara. According to Devadidev's Ashirwad, people still believe that every pebble of Narmada is a sacred lingam. Onkar Mandhata is an island in the middle of the river Narmada. Here Mahadev holds the idol of Onkar. So, his name isOnkar Nath.
Ancient Nath Baidurya rock. Mandhata also prayed to Onkar Nath. Onkar Nath is one of the ancient Shivling. Next to this self-existent lingam is the idol of Jagadamba Parvati. Besides, there is Saptamatrika Tirtha on the banks of Narmada. The seven mothers here are Brahmbhi, Maheshwari, Kaumari, Vaishnavi, Barahi, Narsinghi, Aindri. There is a Sati Peeth in Narmada Kunda. Kalika of Kalmadhab. It is a Jugma Pith.
31. Ramgiri Shakti Pith :-
Devi Sati's thirty-one Pith is located in Ramgiri. Meghdoot's Jakhya had sent a love message to Aloka Puri from here. Meghdoot's Ramgiri is the Shakti Teertha. Here fell the right breast of the Devi Sati. The Goddess is Shivani and Bhairavis Chanda. Arjuna, during his twelve years of exile, excavated the soil at this place and recovered and established the stone idol of Goddess Shivani.
But after twelve years, the flower bearers of Nageshwar Jyotirlinga have been worshiping their Devi for generations. Shivani's temple on the Ramgiri hills in Madhya Pradesh is the real Shakti Pith. About 300 years ago, King Second Raghuji built the first temple at Vosle. Today's temple was reopened in 1986 when the previous temple was destroyed. The temple is located on a beautiful hillside surrounded by small hills. In front of the temple are three doors on the right and left.
Devotees circumambulate the mother after the puja. Mother is worshiped three times every day. The mother's vehicle lion is present in front of this statue. The Devi is on the throne without a vehicle. The top of the silver throne is made of Astadhatu. The rock form of the Devi is covered with Kasti stones and silver sheets. Lakshmi, Saraswati and Kali are on the left side of the Devi. In the month of Ashwin, on the 14th of Pratipada and in the month of Chaitra, the real form of the mother is shown to the devotees. Bhairav's position in the Nat mandir of Matri mandir.
32. Brindavan Shakti Pith :-
The Vaishnava pilgrimage is Vrindavan. This is known as the meeting place of Krishna devotees. There is also a Shakti Pith. Devi Sati's hair has fallen there. Here the name of the Goddess is Uma and the name of Bhairav is Bhutesh. In the Pranatoshini Tantra, Katyayani, the Goddess of the Govardhan mountain, is considered to be the Pith Devi.
Keshighat is the place where Sati's hair fell in Vrindavan. There is an idol of Kali next to the temple of Govindaji. He has been identified as Jog maya. Krishna has performed RasLeela in Vrindavan centering Jog maya. Jogmaya helped in Radhakrishna's Leela. In Vrindavan, therefore, Goddess Jogmaya and Gopisvara Shiva is present. It is known from ancient times that Mahadev went to see the beauty of Ras Leela in Gopi Besh.
This Gopishwar Shivling is the only Shivling in whole Vrindavan. It was worshiped by Gopi. Also, the ancient Goddess found in Mathura is known as Kankalamalini. Apart from Kankalitala, there is a Goddess idol in Ambikatila whose name is Yashoda Kanya. There is also Bhairav in Mathura as worshiped in the form of Jogmaya. To the west of this city is the temple of Bhuteshwar. Ancient architectural patterns are found around this temple. Here the Lingam is placed on top of Katie Kund. Aniruddha's son Vajra established this Shivlingam. The Katyayani temple in Vrindavan is the Shakti Peeth. The gopis worshiped the Goddess Katyayani to get Krishna.
33. Danteshwari Temple :-
Devi Sati’s Teeth fell on this Shakti Pith. Here the Goddess is Narayani and Bhairav is Sanhar. Danteshwari can be reached by taking a bus from Raipur, the capital of Chhattisgarh, to Jagddalpur. The scenery there is breathtaking. In the middle of the secluded forest there is a temple of Devi Danteshwari which is about eight hundred years old. Four steps beyond the Mata’s Garbha Griha. There are many ancient brass bells on the arch of the temple. Danteshwari Maa is a Sharabhuja here and Raktrasana.
There is also a Kali Statue on the stone Bedi. The red tongue is a giant rectangle. The whole murti is adorned with various gold ornaments. She has a golden tongue in her face. Although there daily worship held, and every Tuesday there is a special worship of the Goddess. Nityabhoga khichuri, Puri, fish, sweets, and milk are given to the Goddess.
Next to the temple is the confluence of the Sangini and Dunkini rivers. Next to it is the temple of Bhairav. Bhairav is known as Shankar here. Next to Bhairav's temple is Ganapati's temple. peoplehave to go to that temple without wearing dress with kaccha as the South Indians.
34. Panchasagar Teertha :-
Panchasagar is the 34th Shakti Pith. Here the teeth of the lower part of Devi Sati fell. Here the name of the Goddess is Barahi and Bhairav is Maharudra. According to many, there is a confluence of Panchanadi near Koti Tirtha, 3 km away from Kolhapur in Maharashtra. The temple of the shrine is located there.
Millions of Maharishis achieved success in this pilgrimage. At the same time, they established the idol of Mahishmardini Chamunda Devi. They also established Shivlingam here after visiting crores of shrines on Krishna Chaturdashi of Bhadra month. On this auspicious day, they perform bathing, giving alms, homas, swadhyay and devarchana in this holy shrine, which gives them good result.
Again, according to many, Panchasagar is not an ocean, but five small ponds. This place is near Haridwar. Here the Goddess is Barahi. Goddess Barahi was hidden from public view for a long time. While the Pandavas were in Agyatabas, they visited Barahi Mata with Panch Kunda. This temple was built by the kings of Mayurbhanj in 1940.
According to Skanda Purana, Ramachandra himself built this shrine in the Treta era with his Dhanushkoti Leela. In ancient times, after killing Ravana, he established a Shivling on the Gandhamadan mountain to get rid of the sin of Brahmahatya. Since then this shrine has been known as Koti Tirtha. The five deities Brahma, Indra, Chandra, Mahadev and Gauri built five Kunds here. These sacred ponds are called Panchanad.
35. Bhabanipur Shakti Pith :-
The ear of Goddess Sati fell in Punya Toya Karatoya Tot. Here the Goddess is Aparna and Bhairav is the Vamana. It covers an area of about one hundred square miles north of Pabna district and south of Bogra district in Bengal. The forest dwellers were the non-Aryan people living here and the Goddess Aparna was their adored Goddess.
This forest-covered holy land of that day has fallen today in Bhabanipur village of Bogra district of independent Bengal. That is why Aparna is known as Bhavani here. The body of the Goddess is rocky. An ink statue was made here sometime later to gather a crowd of people. Her whole face is covered with cloth but made of gold.
Aparna was worshiped by Manohar Chakraborty who lived a mile to the west of the temple. And a man named Mathuresh had the responsibility of bathing, enjoying, cooking and sacrificing Mahamaya. His descendants received the title of Tola Patra for sacrifice.
36. Sriparvata Shakti Pith :-
According to TantraChuramani, Sri Parbat is the 36th Shakti Pith. Although this Pith is called Shaktipeeth, it is actually Shaivatirtha. Here the right ear of Devi Sati fell. Another name for Sri Parbat is Srisailam. Parvati happily resides with Mahadev in this holy shrine. According to legend, Arjun Mallika worshiped this Shivling with flowers. Hence the name of this lingam was Mallikarjun Shivling.
The Shivling of Srisailam is one of the twelfth Shivling. Bharamaramba if the Goddess present here. Lord Shankaracharya and Sri Chaitanyadev came to Srisailam. Buddhacharya Nagarjuna attained Siddhi here. According to some, this mountain is located in Ladakh in the Himalayas. Here the Goddess is Sunanda and Bhairav is Nanda.
But the real Shakti Peeth is located on the banks of the river Krishna in Andhra Pradesh. There is a temple of the Goddess on the hill. The breathtaking view here makes the mind anxious. The heart goes in a serene environment. The river Krishna flows through the bottom of the hill. Krishna's local name is Patal Ganga.
Buddhist and Tantric influences are Present very much here. Bhairav lives at an altitude of one and a half thousand feet from the hill. Bhairav can be reached by crossing one and a half thousand paved stairs. Mallikarjun is living there. This place is very sacred. This temple was built bysecond Harihar, the king of Vijayanagar, in the fifteenth century. It is the best Shaivite shrine in Andhra Pradesh.
37. Vibhash Shakti Pith :-
Devi Sati's ankle fell in Vibhash, i.e. Tamluk in East Midnapore district. Here the name of the Goddess is Bargabhima and Mahadev is Sarbananda. The Goddess is made of black stone and is a four-armed idol. The temple is located far above the plains and looks like a Buddhist stupa. The temple faces west. Twenty-two steps have to be crossed to reach the temple.
There are statues of lions on either side of the gate. There is a beautiful work of terracotta on the four walls of this Pith which impresses everyone. The gold jug on the surface is glistening in the sunlight. There is a Kund present next to the temple. The temple of Bhairav is next to the stairs leading to Devi’s Place. Here he is known as Bhootnath. The Goddess is standing on top of Dead body and has a sword in her upper right hand and a trident in her lower hand. Khorpor in the upper left hand and Normund in the lower hand.
Tamluk is a meeting place of southern Hindu and Buddhist culture, 15 km away from Mecheda railway station. This place is known as Kapalmochan as it is the place where Shiva's brahmahatya was absolved. This field is known as Upa-Pith. The temple was built long before 1800. The idol of this temple is a very ancient idol of Mahamaya.
The statue of Bargabhima looks like the statue of Ugratara. Four-armed stone statue. The height of the main temple is about 60 feet. This temple is established on a 22 feet high attic. This temple was built by cutting a notch of white stone. The Goddess is sitting on the corpse here, raising the sword in one hand and devouring the heart-shaped mind and holding the head in the other hand, fixing the soul on the voice of the devotee.
38. Prabhas Shakti Pith :-Prabhas is located in Kathiawar, in the south of Gujarat. It is the place where the belly of Goddess Sati fell. This is the place where Lord Krishna passed away. Somnath temple is present in this holy place. Here the name of Shakti Devi is Chandrabhaga. Bhairav's name is Bakratund. Although it is a Shakti Peeth, it is a holy place of pilgrimage for Shaivites and Vaishnavas.
The Padarenu of Brajasundar is mixed in this dust. It was here that Lord Krishna of Kali Yuga spent the last moments of his earthly pastime. In this morning there is a field called Brahmabhaga. In this Brahmabhaga, Brahma placed the Somesvara lingam through a great sacrifice.
There is a temple of Uma Devi with Someshwar Lingam. Everyone believes that Human will be victorious by killing demons if they visit this Goddess. Goddess Uma is mentioned in two places of Prabhas. Before Someshwar is to visit Shiva. Later you have to visit Daityasudan another Uma Devi. Worship of these two Uma’s will give the devotee the result of Teertha Yatra.
The person who worships Uma Devi in Maghi Tritiya is always healthy and has good fortune. There are three Goddesses in Prabhas. Mangala, Bishalakhyi, and Chottora Devi. After travelling to Prabhas people has to worship these three Goddesses. They protect this field. Mangala is Brahmvi Shakti, Bishalakhyi Vaishnavi Devi, and Rudra Shakti is ChattaraPriya.
39. Avanti Shakti Pith :-
Bhairav mountain is located on the banks of Shipra river in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh. The Pith of Goddess Avanti is on top of that Bhairav mountain. Devi Sati's lips fell on this mountain. Avanti is known as Mahamokhyadayi Tirtha. The five landmarks of the old pilgrimage, the backwaters, the dawn, the exploitation and the forest with rivers are all located here.
Where death does not lead to rebirth, it is called Usher. Here Mahadev worships Goddess Chandika with incense island and animal sacrifices at the Mahashasana of Avanti for the slaughter of Tripurasura and is victorious hence the name of this place Ujjain. Mahakaleshwar temple was built here. There is a temple of Goddess Harsiddhi on the banks of Rudrasagar near this Shiva temple. But there is no idol of the Goddess present here. Apart from the temple of Goddess, there are also temples of Saraswati and Kalika. There is a huge idol of Mahakali in the temple of Goddess Kalika. Sati Stambha can be seen under almost every tree here. There are various images carved on that stone. The pious women here worship that Stambha.
Shakti Teerthaand Shaivatirtha are sacred to Ujjain but also for Vaishnavism. Besides, Hindus, Buddhists and Shakta are also considered as the three holy shrines of the community.
40. Bhramori Shakti Pith :-
Janasthan is the fortieth Shakti Pith. Here the chin of Devi Sati fell. The name of the Goddess here is Bhramori. And Bhairav's name is Bhinna. Janasthan is located in the Nasik region of the Godavari valley. Here are seven peaks of the Western Ghats on which the Devi is standing. That is why Devi is known as Saptashringi here.
From the base of the mountain, one has to climb five hundred steps to reach the Devi’s temple. White colored temple. There are shops on both sides of it. There is a huge trident at its door. There is a bronze Ganapati temple on the street. Chandradev and Suryadev are sitting on either side of the throne of Saptashringi Devi. The Goddess has eighteen hands. Beating with Astra in all hands. Orange colored skin. Silver crown is present on the head of the Goddess. Next to it is the Markandeya Muni’s Temple. He composed seven hundred verses of Durga. When the Goddess was very angry when she killed the demon, the sage Markandeya praised the Goddess by reciting verses and the Goddess leaned her neck and listened to the worship with her hands placing on her chick so her idol is exactly of the same kind.Here Devi’s Annabhog can be taken by devotees adjacent to the temple in exchange for money. Now the Devi has been moved from the old temple to the new temple. But Kalbhairav is in the old temple.
41. Godavari Tir Shakti Pith :-
Devi Sati’s Gondo fell on the banks of Godavari river. Here the name of the Goddess is Bishwesi and Bhairav is Dandapani. Godavari is the Ganges of southern India. The location of this Sati Peeth is in Rajmahendri district of Andhra Pradesh. The banks of the river Godavari near Rajmahendri are known as pilgrimages to the temple of Koti Lingeshwar Shiva. Twelve years apartPuskaran festival held here.
Many temples on both sides of this river have been built over the ages. The place used to be forested. A yogi named Bishunath used to do austerities there. He received a dream order from the Goddess that a beautifully decorated silver was created in the water of a pond on the south side. Then he established it and started worshiping. Later, after receiving the dream order of the Goddess, he made an idol of the Goddess with the branches of the neem tree.
The Goddess was worshiped four times a year. There was no sacrifice because here Devi was not Ugrachanda. In the months of Jyestha, Bhadra, Falgun and Kartik many people used to gather at that Puja. This compassionate Goddess has cured many people and fulfilled the desires of many people. For this reason, sick and needy people from all over India used to recite dharna in that temple on the banks of Godavari. And mother used to tell them the way of being Good and bad through dreams.
The idol was large in size. She is known as Kalyanmoyi. Six feet in height. The Goddess is Salankara, clothed, and radiant. Many people have been cured of the disease with the blessings of their mother and have filled it with gold ornaments. There is a huge Nat Mandir present near the temple. Now the place is full of shops and houses. It is now a famous pilgrimage site in southern India.
42. Ratnabali Shakti Pith :-
Ratnabali is the forty-second Shaktipeeth. The right shoulder of Devi Sati fell at this place. Here the Goddess's name is Shiva and Bhairav is Kumar. Some say that this Shakti Peeth is located in the village of Krishnanagar on the banks of the Ratnakar river at Khanakul in Hooghly district of West Bengal.
There is another village called Radhanagar next to it. There are many temples in both the villages. These two villages have a huge hidden tradition. There is a temple of Ghanteshwar Shiva in Krishnanagar village. The location of Goddess Ghanteshwari is present next to it. Here the Goddess is known asSmashan Vasini. It is also called as the Shakti pith by many people. A triangular Kali Mandir is also found in Radhanagar. This mother Kali is very awake.
It is known to be worshiped by the famous KaliSadhak Agambagish. There were no idols here. Worship was done by mantra. Agam embodied the Goddess through Kalimurti. Here the Goddess is sitting on one leg up which is very strange. This place was once a huge field of energy.
43. Mithila Shakti Pith :-
The left shoulder of Devi Sati fell in Mithila. Here the name of the Goddess is Uma and Bhairav is Mahadev. At present, Janakpur is the Pithsthan of the Terai region of Nepal. The two Shaivite Tirthas of Nepal are Mukti Nath and Pasupathi Nath. Shaktipeeth is one of these two.
Ancient Mithila had a huge religious tradition. The meeting inJanakaraja’s Sabha was a gathering of spiritual personalities of India. In AdyaStotra, Sita is imagined as a Shakti. So, Mithila's Mahadevi or Uma Devi is Sita, Janaka Nandini Vaidehi. Ram Sita's wedding pavilion can be seen in Janakpur, Nepal. However, in one of the many temples there, Lakshmana is worshiped with Rama as a Lingam with Sita. Next to it is the temple of Bhairav.
There is a black Shivling of Kasti Pathar. Everyone worships him as Bhairav. At present two more temples have been built there. In the front temple there are idols of Sita, Rama, Lakshmana, the Veer Hanuman, Bharata and Shatrughna on a silver throne. And in the back temple, 365 Shaligram rocks with Janaka raj, Sita, Rama, Lakshmana, Mahakal and Goddess Durga can be seen.
Although not important from the point of view of Sati Peeth, the importance of Mithila from the spiritual point of view is immense. JanakaNandini Sita Devi, the princess of Mithila, is actually Uma.
44. Nalhati Shakti Pith :-
The forty-fourth Shakti Peeth is Nalhati located in Birbhum district. Nola of Devi Sati fell here. Here the Goddess's name is Kali and Bhairav is Yogish. The locals name the Goddess Nalhateshwari. Nalhateshwari hills are present to the west in the Raajmahal range of Birbhum. On one side of the hill is the Charchala temple of Nalhateshwari.
There is a stone idol of the Goddess carved in the center of the temple. The Goddess is adorned with vermilion and covered with cloth. A devotee by the name of Smaranath got the identity of the goddess in a dream and spread the glory of this shrine all around. Rani Bhavani of Natore inaugurated this temple. While digging in the temple of Goddess Bhairav Yogis, a rock with footprints of Narayana was found next to the Shivling. It is built on the walls of the Yogish temple. From that time Narayan is worshiped here before Bhairav's worship. This is the meeting place of Shakta and Vaishnavism. At one time this place was forested and uninhabitable. In that jungle, many Tantric devotees have attained Siddhi. Now there is no jungle. There is only the temple of Goddess Mahapith on the hill. There were no stairs here before but now there are stairs to go up to the temple.
The temple has been beautifully decorated after the renovation. If you don't see the face of the strange temple, you can't understand the beauty of the temple. There is no intrusion of pandas and there is no exploitation of Brahmins here. The audience visits the mandir with joy and emotion. Mata’s Annabhog is available here. Fans can take Prasadam in exchange for pranami if they wish.
45. Jayadurga Shakti Pith :-
The head of the Devi Sati has fallen in Kalighat. But this is not the Kalighat of Calcutta, this is the Kalighat of Burdwan. Here the Goddess's name is Jayadurga and Bhairav is Krodhish. This second Kalighat in West Bengal is located at Juranpur village near Katwa in Burdwan district. The Goddess is worshiped in a completely open space on a rock under a tree.
There are no idols in temples of the Goddess. The goddess is worshiped on the paved Bedi. In Shiva Charita, Jayadurga is called Chandreshwari and Bhairav is called Chandresh. The fair is held here on the full moon day of Magh month and annual puja is organized here. Many Tantra devotees have achieved success here. The Bhairav temple is next to the courtyard built by the Goddess. The idol of Jayadurga is made of Astadhatu. One person got it from Dighi after getting a dream order of Devi.
46. Bakreswar Shakti Pith :-
Bakreswar is located in Birbhum district. Here the mind of Devi Sati fell. But the mind is not a gross object, so according to the Pith Tantra, the part between the two eyebrows fell here. To the right of the Shiva temple at Bakreswar is the Mahishmardini temple. The Goddess of this temple is ten Armed (Dashabhuja). Made of brass. The statue here was hiddenfrom the public eye for a long time. However, the ancient idol has been recovered from a pond near the pandas' abode at Dihi Bakreswar near Bakreswar village. It is carefully guarded in the panda's house. This statue is about a thousand years old. This large stone statue is Astadoshbhuja.
There are Paintings (Chalchitra) on both sides of the head. On the left of Mahishmardini is Doshanona Kali and on the right is the Astabhuja Saraswati. Mahalakshmi is behind them. Mahakali on the right and MahaSaraswati is on the left. Behind Mahakali and Maha Saraswati are Mithuna deities Birinchi Saraswati, Har Gauri, and Kamala Hrishikesh.
This place is more famous for its hot springs. There are warm water pools and cool water pools present side by side with the strange whims of nature. There is a total of eight Kunds here namely- Kharkund, Vairabkund, Agnikund, Jibitkund, Brahmakund, Svetganga, Saubhagyakund, and Baitarani. There is also Suryakund where people believe that bathing here removes all sins.
47. Jashoreshwari Shakti Pith :-
Jessore is located in the Khulna district of Bangladesh. Here the name of the Goddess is Jashoreshwari and Bhairav is Chand or Chandesh. The temple is 60-65 miles away from Jessore city. PaniPadma or palm of Devi Sati fell here.
The temple is ordinary. It is said that if anyone worship in this temple, he will achieve Siddhi. There is a white pinnacle in this temple. The walls of the temple are painted green. A faithful follower of King Pratapaditya saw a wonderful light on the banks of the river Ichchamati, then the king cleared the Badavan there, found a stone idol of Goddess Jashoreshwari and built a temple. The Goddess is worshiped here every Saturday and Tuesday. The main temple has a door and six windows.
48. Attahas Shakti Pith :-
Attahas Peethsthan is located near Lavpur in Birbhum district. Devi Sati's lips fell here. Here the name of the Goddess is Phullara and the name of Bhairav is Visvesvara. This place is also called Phullara Shakti Peeth. The temple of the Goddess is small and old. In front of this a huge terraced lake is present. There are crematoriums, jungles and railways on all three sides. There is a theater in front of the temple. In front of the temple there is a canopy with a roof. A ghat paved pond present after the canopy. The idol of the Goddess is covered with blood colored dress. Goats are sacrificed in special festivals and new moons. One lakh goatwas sacrificed here on the day before Mahasthami.
There is Panchamundi seat present in the temple premises. Shakta, Vaishnavism, and Shiva thoughts have merged here to form a combination of all religions. Every day Annabhog is given here. There are no rules for showing idols. It is a carved stone. It has a vague statue in it. Completely dyed with vermilion. One has to enter the temple by the side of a Kund. There are lots of red and pink water lilies in the Kund. Auto that scene is very beautiful. The women of this village sell their Devi’s prasadi flowers on the edge of the Nat mandir. The offerings to the Goddess are decorated with water lilies.
Devotees come here and bathe in the water of this Kund and worship in the temple. The temple was built in 1302 BS. The Goddess is covered with vermilion on a round rock here. It is adorned with water lilies and bel leaves. Skeletons are scattered on the cremation ground in front. Every New Moon night there is Tantra sadhana and heated activities held. Next to it is the temple of BhairavVishweswar. The smell of sandalwood camphor presents all around. Priest Bhairav's mantra and chanting of Shiva can be listened all around the area.
49. Nandipur Shakti Pith :-
The ancient name of Saithia in Birbhum is Nandipur. The necklace of Devi Sati fell in that Nandipur. So, this is known as a Shakti Pith. There the Goddess's name is Nandini. And Bhairav's name is Nandikeshwar. The shrine of the Goddess is in a place surrounded by walls next to Saithia station.
The Goddess was installed in the new temple here in 1310. Devi’s Bhairav Nandikeshwar resides in the attic built under a banyan tree. Hundreds of devotees come for worship every day. Some have worn thin bodies, some have tangled shoes, some have thick sandalwood on their foreheads. Here is the ancient banyan tree floor at Nandikeshwar, which is the refuge of the weary traveler in the scorching heat of summer. Where all the troubles of tired traveler are taken away in an instant.
The people who drinks Devi’s Charanamrita and have Devata’s cold embrace he will be very lucky.The temple of the Goddess is present next to the road. There is no Kund or crematorium next to it. There need to be two thingsfor determining the Sati Peeth. The Goddess has been transformed into an idol by placing silver eyes, face, nose, ears on a shapeless red stone in the temple. Next to it is the abode of the Goddess Bhairav Nandikeshwar on an ancient banyan tree. Arriving at twelve o'clock in the afternoon, the mother's Annabhog was found.
There are various ceremonies held around the temple premises. The Goddess holds Nyaydand to bring the creature from injustice to the path of justice. Mother never wants animal sacrifice. He told the animals to sacrifice the ripus. Behind Devi’s wandering memory, there is a divine form.
50. Indrakshi Shakti Pith :-
The anklet of Devi Sati fell in Lanka. Here the Goddess's name is Indrakshi and Bhairav is Rakshaseshwar. Although the anklet is not a part of the body, it was later added only to inspire the fans' love for Devi. The fact that King Ravana was a mother devotee, and the protector of Lanka - Kalika Devi, these are the current of events that identifies Lanka as a Shaktipeeth and a place of Sati worship.
In AdyaStotra, Lanka and Sinhala are divided into two separate places. Goddess Devmohini in Sinhala, and Bhadra Kalika in Lanka. There is a town called Matale on the way from Kandy, the last capital of the Sinhalese, from Dambulla, a Buddhist cave in Sri Lanka. Here is the huge ancient temple of Gauri Amma. The structure is madeof southern style.
There are four beautifully carved wooden chariots. At different times the Goddess rode out in this chariot. The locals believe that it is one of the Ekannapith and this is where the anklet of the Goddess fell. Devotees gather at the Devi Mandir and Bhairav sthan under the banyan tree for worship. The ancient banyan tree is like a nest of shade and deep peace. Whether there is some great wealth here or not, the place Mahatma will bring peace in your mind.
51. Ambika Shakti Pith :-
The last Shakti Pith of the Devi Sati’s body part is in Birat Desh. This is the Fifty-one numbered Shakti Pith. Here the Fingers of left leg of Devi Sati fell. Birat Desh is located near Panchasagar Peeth in Mayurbhanj district of Odisha. There Bhairav is Amritakhya and the Goddess is Ambika.
This Shakti Pith is Surrounded by dense forests and mountains. The temple is on a hill surrounded by low hills. There is an old Yajna Kumbha present in front of the temple. Inside the Garbha Mandir the white stonedGoddess idol is covered with cloth. Some say that Sati Peeth is located in Devkot. Devkot in the Middle Ages was known as the Barendra bhumi of North Bengal.
There is a river here called Atreyi. Sati pith is located on the east side of this river. It is known as Vidyeshwari Mata Temple. This is Ambika Mata’s Temple. Inside the temple, the top of the mother's Bedi is always covered with a red cloth. Inside the temple courtyard is a Shiva temple, and on the east bank there is a Kund of clear water.
About 200 years ago, this region was the field of Tantra practice. At that time human sacrifice was also done. During the renovation of the pond adjacent to the temple a few years ago, three huge woods were found from the base. This suggests that buffaloes were once sacrificed there. Every time during different festivals, the devotees spread red and white cloth on the Bedi of the Goddess. There are also many venomous snakes in this temple. But they never hurt anyone.